According to Women’s Health polls as of 2013, nearly 50% of women are not pleased with their current weight. Year by year nutritionists develop hundreds of diets and coaches invent new ‘revolutionary’ ways to get rid of those extra pounds. But it oftentimes happens that neither a diet nor sports do the trick, aggravating the psychological condition of a person even further. However, to combat the problem, you need to at least know the reason for its occurrence. The reasons that lead to excess weight are numerous, and while some of them are just a consequence of sedentary lifestyle, the other may be caused by serious conditions.
Fat reserves can accumulate in the body as a result of hormonal disorders. For example, thyroid problems are quite capable of adding a couple of pounds in extremely short periods of time, since thyroid directly affects the body’s metabolism. With the lack of development of thyroid hormones the chain ‘flow – power consumption’ fails, resulting in the fact that even small portions of food ‘settle’ in problem areas. Incidentally appetite in diseases of the thyroid decreases and kilograms are growing.
Often people gain weight because of the excessive stress during prolonged periods of time. To somehow stifle the resentment, many of us prefer to seek help of a psychologist, but find solutions in the fridge. Over time, the habit becomes chronic, and we do not notice how we are turning into gluttons, slowly, but steadily. An excessive burden of responsibility is also capable of adding a bunch of extra pounds.
Endometriosis – a disease associated with the growth of the endometrium (the layer lining the uterus) may manifest with changes in the female’s figure. By the way, one of the signs of the disease is a figure taking the form of an apple (the most fat accumulates in the abdomen).
One of the reasons for the current trend to obese figure is a sedentary lifestyle. You don’t make 10 miles on foot to get to work, and we are always glad to use an elevator. Many of us don’t love sports, because it is really hard; and a conjunction of these and dozens of other factors means that calories are not burnt, but get deposited in the body.
The tendency to be overweight can be inherited. Interestingly, the genetical inheritance not only tends to copy a dense body, but also the culinary habits.
The abundance of fast foods and quick snacks is the scourge of the modern society. Many experts reasonably believe that improper diet is the main driver behind the obesity in general public. Transgenic fats, preservatives, fragrances and other substances provoke metabolic disorders and stimulate the appetite.
There are a few rules of healthy eating, which will help you not only lose weight, but also improve your health.
- Limit your intake of simple carbohydrates. These substances are hidden in potatoes, sweet drinks, sugar, waffles, pastries, white and milk chocolate, white bread. Simple carbohydrates are rapidly broken down and delayed “for the future.” If we abandon the sweets you can not, try to at least partially replace them with dried fruit.
- Switch to simple foods, as all sorts of ‘chemistry’ in the form of preservatives, colorants, emulsifiers and stabilizers slow metabolism and contribute to the accumulation of fat. Therefore, if you decide to go on a healthy diet, give up on canned food, smoked fish, nuts in jars, chips and juice concentrates.
- Change your diet: eliminate huge breaks between meals. It is advisable to eat every 2-3 hours, or obtained from food calories will not be spent on the replenishment of energy, but on the deposition of fat reserves.
- Drink plenty of fluids. After drinking a glass of warm water with a few drops of lemon juice on an empty stomach, you can tame the hunger. Experts advise to drink no less than 2 liters of water a day. This can be filtered boiled water primarily, but you can add freshly squeezed juices and green tea without sugar to the list.
How to eat less
An interesting observation was held by Canadian scientists. They divided a group of women into two sub-groups where the first women were having their meals in total isolation, while others – under the gaze of men. The results exceeded all expectations. Those who were eating in front of others, consumed far fewer calories (about 450 in one sitting) and selected smaller portions, while the ‘lonely’ ones ate a minimum of 600 calories and ordered large meals.
Another quick hint to reduce the portion size is to choose the right color for plates. Pastel (blue, pink) and bright colors (red, orange) stimulate appetite, so it’s not your good choice – if you want to eat less, use white dishes or plates of white color with a pattern of cold shades.